Archive for November, 2013

Recognizing Bullying







Dan Olweus, creator of the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program, defines bullying in his book,Bullying at School: What We Know and What We Can Do:

“A person is bullied when he or she is exposed, repeatedly and over time, to negative actions on the part of one or more other persons, and he or she has difficulty defending himself or herself.”

This definition includes three important components:

1. Bullying is aggressive behavior that involves unwanted, negative actions.
2. Bullying involves a pattern of behavior repeated over time.
3. Bullying involves an imbalance of power or strength.

In his writings, Dr. Olweus is very clear that bullying is peer abuse that should not be tolerated under any circumstances. Today, more than thirty states have adopted laws against bullying.

Types of Bullying

Bullying can take on many forms. As part of the Olweus Bullying Questionnaire, students are asked if they have been bullied in any of these nine ways:

1. Verbal bullying including derogatory comments and bad names
2. Bullying through social exclusion or isolation
3. Physical bullying such as hitting, kicking, shoving, and spitting
4. Bullying through lies and false rumors
5. Having money or other things taken or damaged by students who bully
6. Being threatened or being forced to do things by students who bully
7. Racial bullying
8. Sexual bullying Learn more about bullying and sexual orientation
9. Cyber bullying (via cell phone or Internet) Learn more about cyber bullying

Bullying is Not Teasing

It might be hard to tell the difference between playful teasing and bullying. Teasing usually involves two or more friends who act together in a way that seems fun to all the people involved. Often they tease each other equally, but it never involves physical or emotional abuse.

Why Students Bully

Information about bullying suggests that there are three interrelated reasons why students bully.

1. Students who bully have strong needs for power and (negative) dominance.
2. Students who bully find satisfaction in causing injury and suffering to other students.
3. Students who bully are often rewarded in some way for their behavior with material or psychological rewards.

Long Islanders Take A Stand Against Bullying

By Vickie Moller       Published: November 08 2013            Bully-Free_Zone_Sign_jpg_300x300_q85

Bullying has become a large issue of concern for parents and students across the country – find out what locals are doing to prevent and …

According to Bullying Statistics, about one in four kids in the U.S. are bullied on a regular basis; 77 percent of all students experience verbal bullying and teens in sixth through tenth grade are the most likely to be involved in activities related to bullying.

So what exactly is bullying?, a website managed by the U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services defines it as “unwanted, aggressive behavior among school-aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. The behavior is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated, over time…”

Bullying involves actions that include making threats, spreading rumors, attacking someone physically or verbally, or purposely excluding someone from a group. Both kids who are bullied and who bully others may have serious, lasting problems.

In response, Long Island schools, community organizations and government officials are working to create awareness of the problem and to establish safe, supportive school environments free from intimidation and harassment.

Funded with a $25,000 grant from the Long Island Community Foundation, in 2011 Child Abuse Prevention Services, one of Long Island’s leading organizations targeting bullying prevention, spearheaded a student-led campaign to promote tolerance, end bullying, and change culture.

“School culture is the key factor that determines whether young people will be bullied or not,” said Alane Fagin, executive director of CAPS. “If culture changes, everything changes.”

CAPS worked with students at Clarke High School in East Meadow, Comsewogue High School in Port Jefferson Station, Central Islip High School and Seaford High School to create student leadership teams. Students acted out skits, created visually powerful messages and taught younger students how to stop incidents of bullying. Their efforts reached more than 9,000 peers.

Nassau County District Attorney Kathleen Rice in October announced the implementation of “STOP Then Send,” an innovative, multi-media anti-cyber-bullying presentation designed to teach kids and parents about the dangers of cyber-bullying, sexting, Internet predators, and social-networking websites.

“New technology and social networking sites have taken harassment and intimidation to new and increasingly dangerous levels,” Rice said. “This program created by my office will not only educate students, parents, and teachers about the dangers of cyber-bullying and the Internet, but it will also send a strong message to young people that the decision to press ‘send’ can have far-reaching and devastating consequences to themselves and others.”

Dylan House and Michael Graziano are both Long Island natives and students at Quinnipiac University in Hamden, Conn. Together with seven others, they created The Long Island Coalition against Bullying, an organization established to increase awareness of bullying throughout the Long Island area. The coalition plans to host fund raising events, recruit volunteers and offer therapeutic venues for children who have experienced bullying.

“What we want to do with the money that we raise with these events is donate them to programs in elementary schools on Long Island so that we could [assist] their anti-bullying programs,” Graziano said.

Last June, Legislator Sarah Anker joined community members at the New York Families Against Bullying Second Annual Anti-Bullying Walkathon held at North Shore Heritage Park in Mount Sinai. Founded in February 2012 by concerned mothers, NYFAB is an unincorporated association that raises money to bring anti-bullying speakers and programs to Mount Sinai elementary, middle and high schools and supports youth to stand against the social pressures they face in their adolescent years.

“I am all too familiar with bullying,” said Anker. “The most important thing you can do for yourself and for others who are being bullied is to say something. You must speak up and take the power away from the bully.”

In October, students at Michael F. Stokes Elementary School in Levittown took a united stand against bullying. Both students and staff wore orange as a sign of unity; and the students, each wearing a statement of affirmation, joined together in a chain of 497 “links” measuring the length of the school building.

“I can stand up for myself, I am brave, I can be a good friend,” the students said.

In addition to efforts on Long Island to combat bullying, New York State’s Dignity for All Students Act (The Dignity Act) took effect in July 2012. The legislation is designed to provide public elementary and secondary school students statewide with a safe and supportive environment free from discrimination, intimidation, taunting, harassment, and bullying on school property, a school bus and/or at a school function.

Long Island high school teacher Sharon Holzman, who has a clearly-outlined open-door policy with her students regarding bullying, says she believes students have a better chance of feeling more secure in their schools since the implementation of DASA.

“Bullying is a very big issue now more than ever since bullying leaves school grounds through technology,” Holzman said.

“Without a doubt, all districts on Long Island have been making the effort to stop bullying in their schools whether with a campaign or project in school. The fact is, when a student is bullied, the learning environment is disrupted, and some students do not want to go to school because of the torment,” she added.

[Sources: Bullying StatisticsStop, Quinnipiac ChronicleLI Community Foundation, CAPSNassau County DAMichael F. Stokes Elementary SchoolNYS]

Photo by Eddie~S, via via Flickr


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